Prana yoga focuses on absorbing prana into the body through mantras, asanas, meditation and pranayam, to activate the kundalini and align mind, body and spirit.
Pre-natal yoga is a variation on traditional soft yoga postures and pranayama used to prepare the female body for giving birth Also helps the expectant mother to become more in tune with the child inside her.
Pure yoga is a form of Hatha yoga, a simplified, accessible form easily incorporated into daily living Techniques include asanas, pranayama and meditation.
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Puma yoga is a modern version of traditional Indian yoga which teaches that what you do every day (karma) is as important as attaining salvation. It was founded by yogi Sri Aurobindo (1872- 1950) in
Calcutta, and promoted in the West by his mother. Central to the philosophy is an appreciation of the universal consciousness and its relationship to the individual, achieved mainly through meditation.
Raja yoga is the yoga of the mind and senses, of which hatha is a branch. It employs Patanjali’s eight limbs of yoga which lead gradually to the ultimate ecstasy of union with the cosmos through concentration and control of the mmd. It is also sometimes called royal yoga.
Recovery yoga was developed by Sam Dworkis, who also evolved ExTension yoga Inspired by the Iyengar system, it is aimed at people with chronic disease, injuries or age-related lessening of mobility.
Sahaja yoga was developed in 1970 by Shri Mataji Nimala Devi. Practitioners aim for inner peace and connection to universal consciousness through meditation.
Sahaja Sthithi yoga is a version of Sahaja yoga, developed by Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev and taught at the Isha Foundation in the USA. A programme of postures, pranayams, and meditation aims to heal the body from within, prevent chronic disease and enhance the memory.
Samadhi yoga sees itself as the final step in astanga yoga the attainment of fully-integrated consciousness. known as Samadhi through meditation, fasting, mudras and mantras.
Sankha yoga has its roots in ancient Indian texts and. later. Buddhism. It advocates daily meditation to attain freedom from physical reality, leading to rebirth. Various yoga techniques are designed to har- monise an individual’s name to their birth date; there to attain self-realisation and spiritual awakening is believed to be a correlation between your birth through yogic practices, especially meditation and name and events that occur in your life. mantras.
Sanyasa yoga devotees believe God is the doer, man is just a tool in his hand who should act without hoping for reward. This is the yoga of isolation and retreat, designed to achieve Samadhi.
Sapta yoga (also known as saptanga yoga) was inspired by the Gheranda Samhita, an ancient yogic book of spiritual teachings Developed in the 1980s in Nepal by Yogacharya Dr Sushil Bhattacharya. it consists of seven (sapta means seven) exercises designed to purify and purge the spirit and mind of negative thoughts and the body of toxins. Mudras. asanas, pranayama and contemplative exercises are used.
Satyananda yoga – see Bihar yoga.
Shadanga yoga sets out six steps to achieve a high-er state of being, through pranayama. dhyana. dha-rana. Samadhi. pratyahara (inhibiting the senses) and taraka (self-investigation).
Shin-Shin-Toitsu-Do yoga is a Japanese version of yoga developed by Dr Nakamura Tempu Sensei which combines Indian yoga. Asian martial arts and traditional Japanese meditation and philosophy. It uses stretching, healing and meditation in the quest for the life-energy force known as ki.
Shiva yoga is inspired by the ancient religion of Shaivism. Students practise a concentrated gaze and meditate on Shiva to activate the pineal gland, which they regard as the third eye.
Siddha yoga traces its origins to the Kashmiri worship of Shiva and the Vedantas. Practitioners aim
Sivaite tantric yoga, also known as sakti tantra. is rooted in ancient tantric practice, the teachings of the pre-Vedic religion, Shaivism, and the Vedas themselves. It works on six chakras, to raise the kundalini through prayer and various rituals.
Sivananda yoga combines 12 basic poses, plus sa-lute to the sun, breathing and meditation to open the chakras One of the better-known systems in the West, it was developed by Swami Sivananda Saras-wati, founder of the Divine Life Society, which has centers and ashrams all over the world His disciple, Swami Vishnu Devananda, introduced it to the West in the 1950s.
Svaroopa yoga is a version of hatha yoga founded by Rama Berch of California. Exercises are designed to strengthen the spinal column to prevent disease and improve physical health. The name Svaroopa refers to the inherent state of bliss within everyone.
Tantra yoga is misleadingly known in the West as ‘sexual’ yoga. In fact it means expansion of the mind and liberation of the energy known as kundalini A complex, mystical form of yoga, one path emphasises meditation and spiritual principles, while the other allows things usually forbidden in yogic traditions. such as sexual union, the consumption of alcohol, meat and fish, and monetary rewards.
Taraka yoga has been described as the yoga of light.
Tibetan dream yoga comes from Tibetan Buddhist traditions. Consciousness is manipulated during the dream state to overcome fears, as guidance, and to enhance creative, spiritual and artistic development Tibetan yoga is based on the six forms of Tibetan Buddhist yoga practices, brought from India over 1,000 years ago. It employs the inner yoga of silent meditation as well as the outer yogas of movement, chanting and gestures A version known as Tibetan energy yoga concentrates on the solar and lunar energies of traditional Tibetan medicine.
Vasistha yoga is about finding Brahman the inner self using movement, mantras and meditation.
Viniyoga focuses on your body and goals, often in a one-to-one session as it is based on the concept that yoga practice should be tailored to fit the individual. It combines chanting and meditation with movement. This branch traces its origins to the Yoga Rahasya, an ancient book written around 800 AD by Nathamuni. The modern version was founded by one of his descendants. Krishnamacharya, who was taught by a yogi living in Tibet, and went on to become one of the fathers of modern yoga, being the teacher of B K S Iyengar. Patthabi Jois. Indra Devi, and his own son T K V Desikachar.
Yantra yoga practitioners use yantras geometrically-constructed patterns and designs as a meditation tool. The yantras are sacred representations of the universe, depicting the stages and complexity of the world in simple format.
4 Yoga boxing combines yoga movements with martial arts and shamanic dance. It has recently arrived in the UK from the USA.
Zen Buddhist yoga is related to various Chinese martial arts such as Kung Fu and Wu Shu. It was developed by a 7th-century monk, who brought the Zen philosophy to his monastery and wanted to be sufficiently fit to meditate for long periods.