This is stated in the following verse: On being subjected to the darkness of ignorance, Yoga Supta Padangusthasana Pose he the Self, though one by his very nature, knows himself as many in the form of the infinite variety of limited subjects and objects. Yogaraja’s commentary on verse25 The Self, though non-dual by his very nature, creates the multiplicity of subjects, objects, and means of cognition, etc., when he is covered by the three kinds of sheaths. This experience of multiplicity, which is contrary to the experience of unit, occurs due to the negation of his divine nature by himself and not by another, thus giving rise to the darkness of ignorance. Just as a person suffering from an eye disease called timira a kind of partial blindness sees two moons instead of one in the sky and exclaims, pointing to one moon, Look, there are two moons in the sky, so the individual covered by the darkness of ignorance mistakenly experiences multiplicity in place of the unity of the Self, though in reality there is only one moon shining in the sky.
In tine same way the individual, when his real nature is covered by the darkness of ignorance resulting in the experience of multiplicity and discreteness in the world, deals with or responds to everything as if it were different from himself, and desires the fruits of his interactions with worldly objects despite the fact that they are essentially non-different from him. As a consequence, he is repeatedly subjected to the enjoyment of hell or heaven, etc. in accordance with his deeds. Therefore, the author employing the metaphor of eye disease refers to the darkness of ignorance, as in both these cases they result in distorted vision. YogarSja’s introduction to verse 26 The author Abhinavagupta illustrates the non-difference between the individual Self and the supreme Self, citing an example from worldly life.
Just as sugar cane juice, jaggery, sugar, and gur, etc. are only different forms or states of the same thing sugar cane juice, so all beings abide in the supreme Lord Sambhu in different states or forms. In the same way that these, the juice and its products, are one and the same as the juice of the sugar cane because of the presence of sweetness in all of them, so all things, such as the subjects and objects existing in the different states of waking, dreaming, etc., are only the different forms of the self-manifestation of the supreme Lord, the ever self-same pure consciousness, or Siva. This is because the supreme Lord is the innermost Self of all.