IDEALISM, BODY, AND SOUL AT THE DAWN OF SCIENCE
For soul is so entwined through the veins,
The flesh, the thews, the bones, that even the teeth Share in sensation, as proven by dull ache,
By twinge from icy water, or grating crunch Upon a stone that got in mouth with bread.
Wherefore, again, again, souls must be thought Nor void of birth, nor free from law of death;
Nor, if, from outward, in they wound their way,
Could they be thought as able so to cleave To these our frames, nor, since so interwove,
Appears it that they’re able to go forth Unhurt and whole and loose themselves unscathed From all the thews, articulations, bones.
(Lucretius, On the Nature of Things, 1998, Book III, 691-697, translated by William Ellery Leonard3)
Philosophical Idealism attempts to provide a foundation to the conscious impression that there exists an absolute Truth, Beauty, and Goodness. It is useful to have a clear vision of what Idealism proposes because this trend permeates all forms of European thought; it influences all the cultures that integrate the lifestyles proposed by the Europeans, such as the United States. We find Idealistic trends from Judaism and from Islam. This mode of thought is found in many schools of psychotherapy. For example, the schools of Carl Gustav Jung and of Wilhelm Reich often use an Idealistic frame of mind. Given the importance of Reich in body psychotherapy, it may be helpful to outline this way of thinking.