THE SOUL AS A BOAT THAT TRIES TO SURVIVE AN ENDLESS STORM
An instinctâ appears to us as a concept on the frontier between the mental and the somatic as the psychical representative of the stimuli originating from within the organism and reaching the mind as a measure of the demand made upon the mind for work in consequence of its connection with the body. (Freud, 1915b, Instincts and Their Vicissitudes, 214, p. 122).
The Psychologist Is Not Competent in Biology and the Biologist Is Not Competent in Psychology
The Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz trio gave precision to the framework still in effect: neurologists know how to study the nervous system, and psychologists know how to study the mind. In their discussions, psychologists and neurologists can notice that there exists connections between their respective domains, because a cervical lesion modifies specific capacities of the mind (even the Greeks and the yogis of antiquity knew this); however, they remain unable to describe the nature and the functioning of these connections. Neurologists are not able to explain the dynamics of the mind by observing the brain, and psychologists are not able to explain the dynamics of the brain by observing the mind. The more that the scientists go into details, the less they see solutions. On the other hand, that which psychologists observe can permit the elaboration of suppositions (of hypotheses) that can encourage a neurologist to observe the far reaches of an organism that one hitherto had the tendency to ignore, and vice versa.
The data from psychophysiology is closer to the imaginations of the Hindus and the Chinese who presuppose a series of complex links between many dimensions of the mind and the body. The Europeans, boxed in by the soul/body polarity of the Idealists, can only envision one body and one mind per person. Everything happens a bit as if a laboratory were to use ever more powerful microscopes to seek out, between two points, what allows them to draw a line on a sheet of paper. The more detailed the enlargement, the more powerful the microscope that explores the space between the points in the line formed by the ink from the pen, showing the detail of the cells of the paper’s cellulose, consequently finding nothing that could resemble what links the points in the line.