Yoga to make you happy

THE BODY

Body dynamics are mostly composed of mechanisms that permit the organism to adapt to the constraints of gravity. Gravity influences every aspect of an organism, but the organism contains a series of devices that are specialized in the management of gravity: the skeleton, the muscles and the sensorimotor nervous system. Figure 1.2 demonstrates a basic method taught by almost all the body centered approaches called the plumb line.❠It consists in taking a mason’s plumb line to evaluate the alignment of the body’s segments within the field of gravity when a person is standing up. By default, there is an expected alignment when the articulations of the ankle, the hips, and the shoulder are aligned with the ear. When this alignment cannot be easily maintained, at least one of the following problems is usually present:

1. An erroneous conscious representation and perception of the body.

2. A deviation of the spine (lordosis or scoliosis).

3. A hypo- or hyper-muscle tone in the muscular chains.

BEHAVIOR

Behavior is generally discussed by behaviorists or in studies concerning nonverbal communication. It is the capacity to manipulate objectsâ”sometimes with fine movements, as when one plays the violin â”and to communicate with others. This occurs necessarily in the here-and-now, as behavior is an attempt to respond immediately to what is happening. Behavior mobilizes several mechanisms of the body, but its aims are different. Using identical mechanisms for several purposes can become problematic. It is well known, for example, that a profession that requires sitting for long hours can create muscular tensions that twist the spine and cause blood circulation problems.31 The objectives that behavioral demands impose on the body sometimes conflict with the needs of the body as defined in the disciplines like hatha yoga, gymnastics, and orthopedics.

In studies on nonverbal communication, the researchers analyze the postures, gestures, and facial expressions that permit two organisms to communicate and mutually influence one another. The behavior of one person has an automatic impact on the physiology of those who are around. The gesture of person A influences the senses of person B. The sensory system of B can subsequently activate physiological, affective, and cognitive mechanisms, as well as modes of automatic reactivity. Most of these activations unfold nonconsciously, outside of the conscious intentions of the interacting organisms. A person is able, for example, to drive a car while thinking of something else. His behavior is obviously guided by habits. The behaviorist often misunderstands the body of gymnasts, and the orthopedist does not always know how to understand interactive behaviors.

The photographic example in figure 1.3 was one of the points of departure for the study of nonverbal behavior during the 1950s. According to Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, it demonstrates a typical automatic dynamic of the mother-child relationship in the traditional culture of Bali. We see in each subsequent frame how the mother goes from a stimulating and joyful expression to a negative or off-putting one. This alternating behavior organizes itself spontaneously when a mother interacts with her infant in this culture.

FIGURE I.3. An example of how a mother and an infant behave and interact in Bali (Bateson and Mead, 1947, plate 47, p. 149). METABOLISM

Metabolism regulation manages the energy of the organism at the level of the internal milieu and the cells. Metabolism also has importance in therapeutic practices, for example, when individuals handle an extra supply of oxygen poorly, as when their head turns as soon as they perform a breathing exercise, or when the metabolism of an anorexic patient adapts itself to the condition. Here we are at the heart of physiological auto-regulation.

Yoga to make you happy for Pursuing Equal Opportunities The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian Justice. Cambridge Cambridge University Press, Johnson, Susan M and Xia Li Lollar. Diversity Policy in Higher Education The Impact of College Students Exposure to Diversity on Cultural Awareness and Political Participation. Journal of Education Policy June Orfield, Gary, with Michael Kurlaender, eds. Yoga to make you happy photos, Yoga to make you happy 2016.

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