Yoga basics on The argumentum ad ignorantiam is committed whenever it is argued that a proposition is true simply on the basis that it has not been proved false, or that it is false because it has not been proved true. But our ignorance of how to prove or disprove a proposition clearly does not establish either the truth or the falsehood of that proposition. Although this mode of argument is fallacious in most contexts, it should be pointed out that there is one special context in which it is not fallacious namely, in a court of law; for in a court of law the guiding principle is that a person is presumed innocent until proved guilty [Moreover] in some cases not to draw a conclusion is as much a breach of correct reasoning as it would be to draw a mistaken conclusion. This is illustrated by the joke about the first mate on a ship who was caught intoxicated on duty by the captain. Despite the mate s pleading the captain insisted on entering Mate found drunk whilst on duty in the logbook. So when it came to the mate s turn to enter into the logbook, he wrote Captain found sober whilst on duty. False Cause The fallacy of false cause has been variously analysed in the past and given alternative Latin names, such as non causa pro causa (no cause for a cause) and post hoc ergo propter hoc (after this, therefore because of this). Yoga basics 2016.
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