If I am right when I assume that Idealism describes a functioning of consciousness, the following developments can be useful to clinicians who treat a patient in whom Idealism has become omnipresent. A psychotherapist who is unaware of this can find it difficult to come face to face with a series of mental mechanisms that exist in his own mind. The student or the patient who faces an authority that believes it rises above any limits often does not have a sufficient education to defend himself against this type of intrusion. Such a person will often adhere to what is presented or will drown in a revolt against something he does not understand.
Are Those Who Condemn Socrates Necessarily Ignorant and Wicked Citizens?
Socrates, whose piety, continence and obedience to the laws has no equal, is presented to us at the same time as one who criticizes the rules instituted by the State, who insults the governing class and ridicules them in public. (Roustang, 2009, Le secret de Socrate pour changer la vie, 9, p. 173; translated by Marcel Duclos)
Over the centuries, the myth of Socrates has been the myth of the Christ of the philosophers who died for having tried to improve the way other citizens think by asking disturbing questions. Having had enough of being continuingly brought up short, they wanted to assassinate the very one who showed them how lazy they were in their thinking. According to Plato, Socrates’s worst enemies were the sophists, those who know how to make convincing arguments in favor of any opinion to influence those who cast votes within a democracy. Only since the postmodern philosophers do we attend to a criticism of this myth and a rehabilitation of the sophists in relationship to the media. Indeed, improving how minorities present their opinions is an important element of the dynamics of a democracy, even if this function eventually favors the most powerful movements. The problem for the Idealists is that the media publicize points of view that are distant from all manner of Truths.
In continuing this reflection, I propose an ethical analysis of what I understand to be the notion of a master and of a school, basing myself on what was at stake at Socrates’s trial. This discussion seems pertinent to me to support the students of Idealistic schools of psychotherapy. They can therefore profit from the knowledge of an often useful Idealistic instruction and protect themselves from the disrespect that these teaching often have toward the free will of others.