Aqua yoga is done in water, which allows more movement and flexibility for the exercises.
Arhatic yoga claims to be an advanced system which synthesises and scientifically integrates all yogas. Practitioners work with the seven major charkas to channel kundalini using mantras, asanas and pranayama.
Asparsha yoga is based on achieving enlightenment through being at one with your spirit and relinquishing all material possessions, which can cause anxiety a philosophy close to Buddhism. (Sometimes called Sparsha yoga.)
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Astanga yoga (also spelt Ashtanga) seems to have become the yoga of 21st century celebrities, but goes back to the ancient principles of yoga sage Patanjali. Sometimes called power yoga, it was introduced to the West in the 1970s by Sn Krishna Pattabhi Jois. It combines dynamic (ujjayi) breathing with a series of strong, fast, flowing movements. (See also Patanjali yoga.)
Aura yoga is the yoga of the outer magnetic energy field that surounds the physical body Meditative practice, mantras and asanas are used to expel toxins from the aura and give it added luminosity and radiance.
Baby yoga uses classical yoga techniques to improve the flexibility of babies from six weeks old. Workshops focus on strengthening babies’ muscles and improving the connection between mother and child Also incorporates some baby-massage techniques.
Bhakti yoga (also known as devotional yoga) uses • Jthe love of God to influence and change the direc-tion of one’s life. There are several kinds, depend-rnntne pupil’s main god. but they all use prayer, meditation and mantras.
Bihar yoga which was introduced to the West in the 1980s, combines kundalini and knya yoga with pranayama and mantras. The Bihar School of Yoga in India has been in the forefront of medical research into the health benefits of yoga. (Also known as Saty-ananda yoga.)
Bikram yoga consists of a series of 26 energetic postures performed in very high temperatures (around 100°C/40°F). designed to stretch muscles further and expel toxins. Founder Bikram Choudhoury. who has a college in the USA.
Bliss yoga focuses on relaxation and healing asanas to complement an individual’s age and physique.
Buddhi yoga aims to develop intuition as opposed to karma yoga, which is the yoga of action as a means towards enlightenment. Through intellectual thinking you will recognise essentials, allowing you to make clearer decisions.
Buddhist yoga see Zen Buddhist yoga.
Chan yoga also called Chinese yoga. Qi Gong or Chi-Kung, is best known as Tai Chi, the deep breathing and exercise system Its Japanese equivalent is known as Zen. The Indian sage Bodhidharna took meditation yoga to China, where the people gave it their own touch.
Christian yoga propagates the concept that Judeo-Christian traditions include the practice of yoga. For instance, the Holy Spirit is considered a visualisation of the kundalini energy taught in Indian tradition
Datta yoga was developed in the USA by Sri Ganapa-ti Sachidananda Swamiji in the 1980s. Its main aim is to promote universal principles, including peace and spirituality through yoga practice.
Deity yoga has its roots in Buddhism. The deity and the inner-self are visualised and meditated upon to attain a higher state of being.
Dhyana yoga uses mantras and meditation to attain supreme illumination and transcendental consciousness.
Dru yoga takes a gentle, holistic approach, using »A breathing exercises, deep relaxation techniques and meditation. Pupils work with each other and sometimes in a group.
ExTension yoga was developed by Sam Dworkis as a series of exercises to condition the mind and body
Focal Point yoga concentrates on improving positive thinking and confidence. It uses several yoga techniques, with particular emphasis on meditation.
Gaiam yoga incorporates various yoga styles with an emphasis on planetary evolution and awareness.
Ghatastha yoga is a form of Hatha yoga referred to in the Gheranda Samita, an ancient classical text.
Gita yoga is an all-encompassing term for 18 different types mentioned in the Gita. a sacred Hindu book.
Guru yoga students meditate on and visualise their guru An individual may have more than one guru from whom he seeks blessings and help Practices used to connect with the guru (whether alive or deceased) include meditation, telepathy and prayer.
Guru a master of yoga Kundalini- inner spiritual energy Mantra sacred sound Mudra sacred hand gesture Prana universal life force energy
Pranayam yoga breathing exercises Pranayama breathing Samadhi higher consciousness or enlightenment Shaktiput awakening of the kundal-ini by the touch and/or presence of a spiritually high person
Hatha yoga is what is taught in most British classes.
In Sanskrit ’ha’ means “sun” and ’tha” means ‘moon”. Although often described as the yoga of physical exercise, in fact it follows the classical yoga theory of learning how to control the body so it can absorb the universal life-force energy (prana).
Integral yoga was founded by Swami Satchinanda Maharaj, a disciple of Swami Sivananda He severed his links with the Divine bfe Society in 1966 to establish the Integral Yoga Institute in New York, where he combined hatha yoga, meditation, prayer and the concept of selfless service He set up communities, all called Yogaville. for his followers. A popular guru in the West during the 1960s. he died in 2002.
Iyengar yoga was developed by B K S Iyengar in India He introduced a systematic, disciplined approach to align mmd. body and spirit through asanas. pranayama. and meditation. Very popular in the West, particularly Britain, where it was pr moted by the late violin virtuoso Sir Yehudi Menuhin.
Jnana yoga takes the philosophical path to spirituality Seen as the most intellectually-demanding form of yoga, it emphasises philosophical analysis, meditation (including self-enquiry) and mantras to achieve transcendental states of consciousness.
Jivamukti yoga was developed by two New Yorkers, Shannon Gannon and David Life Like astanga. it uses an intensely physical and spiritual system of flowing postures.
Joyfull yoga is a recent introduction which uses techniques from different branches of classical yoga along with the direct practical experience of the founder, Jillie Celeste.
Karma yoga takes the path of selfless action, working for others in the hope of gaining spiritual and healing powers.
Katonah yoga was developed specifically to help women undergoing hormonal changes during the menopause The techniques aim to ease the body’s transition through this difficult period.
Japanese yoga see Shin-Shin-Toitsu-Do yoga.
Kaula yoga is believed to have origins in Kashmiri Shaivism, an ancient pre-Hindu religion. It focuses on asanas, mudras, and meditation to attain higher consciousness through sexual practices.
Kirapalu yoga was introduced in the 1960s by Yogi Amrit Desai It has since grown in popularity in the USA. with a school modelled on the guru-disciple relationship and emphasis on fraternity and community
Kriya yoga promises spiritual enlightenment through a combination of methods drawn from jnana and raja yoga, along with the kriya technique of recharging blood cells with oxygen to energize the body.
Kundalini yoga is an ancient, mystical branch of yoga. Movement, breathing, sound, chanting and meditation are used to activate the kundalini a spiritual, healing energy and guide it through seven major energy centers in the body. The kundalini cleanses and purifies the charkas, dispelling negative thoughts, emotions and disease.
Laya yoga combines Kundalini yoga, pranayma and meditation on energy centers in the body, known as chakras.
Luna yoga combines Hatha yoga with the ancient wise-woman tradition, bringing together body and breathing exercises, sensate focusing and ancient African fertility dances to make contact with the rhythms of nature in women’s bodies.
Malik-Laya yoga is based upon the ancient principles of laya yoga. Yogi Dr Malik rediscovered this ancient technique and has introduced it to the West. This school of thought combines laya yoga with kundalini. hatha, meditation and pranayama. Its founder was inspired by the yogis and lamas of the Himalayan region where he had undertaken his spiritual teachings.
Maha yoga is a mystical branch of yoga which seeks out-of-body experiences. This is achieved through awakening the kundalini and shaktiput exercises. It was introduced to the USA in the 1970s by Shri Dhy-anyogi Madhusujandasji.
Mantra yoga emphasises sacred, spiritual sound and its effects on individuals and their environment. Sufis. Christian mystics, sadhus, fakirs, rishis and lamas have all explored sound for use in their devotions as an aid to healing, to strengthen the mind, body and spirit, and to access paranormal powers such as levitation, intuition and clairvoyance. The mantra om is one of the most beloved of those used by yogis, and has also been incorporated into the practices of a number of religions, including Hinduism. Jainism and Tibetan Buddhism.
Naada yoga – also known as naad yoga aims to generate mind/body balance by using primal sounds, or mantras, and mudras. Sometimes called the yoga of inner-sound, it uses vibrations, frequencies and their effects on the body to tune into a higher spiritual state through meditation. Every entity is considered to be a derivation of sound Spiritually-advanced individuals can. through practice, access and experience the exhilaration of inner sounds. These are sounds that can only be heard by the inner ear and are mystically intoxicating.
Nidra yoga uses systematic techniques to reach a higher state of consciousness, known as yogic sleep. Stilling the senses through relaxation and meditation balances the subconscious mind, fusing mind, body and spirit.
Nirvana yoga is heavily influenced by Hatha and Kundalini yoga Infused with Buddhist principles and teachings, it aims to reach higher consciousness through asanas and meditation, the latter usually done while seated
Patanjali yoga: In the second century BC the Indian philosopher and sage Patanjali enshrined the basic principles of yoga in his book The Yoga Sutras, which remains a classical masterpiece on the subject. The eight steps he set out provide a systematic method of stilling the mind prior to achieving the highest state of existence. Samadhi.
Phoenix rising yoga is a version of Hatha developed by Michael Lee in the USA using exercises designed to eliminate inbuilt conflicts and resolve negative emotional imbalances in the body.
Plus-size yoga was developed for Rubenesque people by Michelle Robertson in the USA.