Great yoga Pics on They are of a different order of existence from the material world of ajiva. The Buddhists deny the existence of anything that could be called a self, though nirvana, the unconditioned, is closer to the idea of an essentially inactive jiva than it is to that of the Upanisadic atman, which not only creates the universe but also controls beings from within as an inner controller (antaryamin). Post 4 THE EPICS AND THE BHAGAVAD GITA The Mahabharata and Ramayana are two great epic poems, India s equivalent of the Iliad and the Odyssey, though much longer. The former took shape over a period of about 800 years, from approximately 400 BCE to 400 CE, whilst the latter was compiled in the period between 200 BCE and 200 CE. In terms of setting, however, the dating is reversed as the Ramayana is located in a time before the events that are related in the Mahabharata, events that scholars tend to place somewhere between the eighth and ninth centuries ce. As J.A. Great yoga Pics 2016.