9. Shiva Rea: Daily Energy Vinyasa Flow YogaShiva Rea: Daily Energy Vinyasa Flow YogaPracticing yoga daily, even for a short time, can be more beneficial than a long, intense practice once in a while
8. Yoga for Stress ReliefYoga for Stress ReliefExcessive stress in our daily lives is one of the greatest obstacles to achieving happiness, good health & well-being.
7. Yoga For Weight Loss for BeginnersYoga For Weight Loss for BeginnersWeights & bands: Integrates weights and resistance band work into yoga routines to intensify the workout
6. Power Yoga Total Body WorkoutPower Yoga Total Body WorkoutBuild strength, stamina and endurance for everything in your life with Gaiam’s Power Yoga Total Body Workout DVD
5. Rodney Yee’s Yoga for BeginnersRodney Yee’s Yoga for BeginnersTwo full-length yoga workouts for beginners, On-screen pose training for perfect form
4. Yoga for Beginners & BeyondYoga for Beginners & BeyondYOGA FOR BEGINNERS DELUXE SETcontains the following three DVDs: YOGA FOR STRESS RELIEF
3. Biggest Loser: Weight Loss YogaBiggest Loser: Weight Loss YogaIt’s slowly started off, meaning stretching but it builds up quickly
2. Yoga For BeginnersYoga For BeginnersOne of the most intelligent and insightful teachers around. Yoga Journal
1. Jillian Michaels: Yoga MeltdownJillian Michaels: Yoga MeltdownJillian Michaels, winning trainer on NBC’s The Biggest Loser,â introduces a new yoga workout unlike any other.
THE GENERAL SYNDROME OF ADAPTATION
Hans Selye (1907-1982) was one of the researchers who pursued the work of Cannon on trauma during World War II.68 This Canadian of Austro-Hungarian origin introduced the term stress in 1946.
One of Selye’s basic hypotheses is that when a person must suddenly accommodate to a particularly shocking situation, he often finds a way to function that allows for survival by developing powerful modes of accommodation in very short time.69 But then something is blocked, and flexibility is lost. As I have often indicated, the organism needs time to structure itself. In traumatizing situations, a sudden reconstruction of certain modes of functioning can save the life of the organism, but then the organism has difficulty getting out of this state. Everything that happens after that is assimilated by the new mode of functioning. The organism thus loses its capacity to reaccommodate itself70 to an environment that no longer has a traumatizing dimension. The frozen accommodation does not include the entire organism but focuses only on some organismic systems.
Different than traumatic situations (such as being arrested and then tortured), stress designates more progressive changes. Selye (1936) then talks about the general adaptation syndrome. This syndrome is unleashed by an accommodation in three phases:
1. Placing on alert all of the functions of the organism, unleashed by a stimulus the receptors of the organism categorize as potentially dangerous. This system resembles the one described by Cannon at the occasion of a mobilization for a reaction of flight or fight. During this phase, the organism lacks defenses because it blocks its mechanisms of parasympathetic auto-regulation to focus all of its resources on survival.
2. Putting in place a system of fight against the assault, organized by the vegetative systems and the secretion of Cortisol by the adrenal glands. This secretion is unleashed by the hypothalamus. Cortisol especially increases muscular strength and intervenes in diverse regulatory mechanisms of the organism A mobilization of the resources of the organism organizes around the sympathetic system. The cardiac rhythm and respiration, perspiration, worries, and sleep problems become more intense. Therefore, the individual experiences a persistent impression that he does not have the means to face what is going on. Finally, he panics.
3. The exhaustion phase comes about if the stress factor continues to arouse the organism The resources of the defense system are exhausted and exhaust the organism Then we notice the modifications of the organs that sometimes lead to death. Wilhelm Reich71 speaks here of the effect of constriction on the organism. He observes an excessive contraction of the tissues, a loss of energetic resources, and a mind that perceives fewer options. Selye notices, above all, a reduction in the size of the thymus, the spleen, and the lymphatic ganglions; gastrointestinal ulcerations; an increase in size of the suprarenal cortex; a reduction in the number of lymphocytes in the blood; as well as the total disappearance of the eosinophils (cells of the immune system). This state of exhaustion, sometimes called burnout,â can lead to the death of the affected cells.
The Activation of the Organism by Stress. Selye isolated an axis of stress that is organized around a reciprocal influence between the hypothalamus in the brain and the median part of the suprarenal endocrine glands, situated at the upper extremity of the kidneys (see figure 8.1). The hypothalamus activates the suprarenal glands through the neurovegetative system. The suprarenal glands secrete catecholamines, like adrenaline and noradrenaline, into the blood. These hormones unleash a classic sympathetic mobilization. This process, shown in figure 8.1, forms a loop of negative retroaction where the excess of Cortisol activates the glucocorticoids receptors of the brain and suppresses the production of CRH. In depressed patients, however, this loop no longer functions, hence an excessive production of CDR and thus of Cortisol. This system is known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.
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