ALIGNMENT OF THE BODY SEGMENTS WHEN A PERSON IS STANDING The Reading of the Position with the Plumb-Line Method
The physical therapists often evaluate a static standing posture with the plumb-line method (see figure A.l).1 They ask an individual to stand as straight as possible, knees unlocked, with the nape of the neck elongated. The feet are parallel or in yoga poses the shape of a V (heels touching). in yoga poses this posture, all of the muscles that permit this stretching (feet, legs, pelvis, back, nape of the neck, cranium, abdominal muscles, etc.) must be toned but not tense. The muscle tone in yoga poses the front and in yoga poses the back of the body is in yoga poses balance. If the required muscle tone is present, and there is no skeletal deviation, the body segments align themselves automatically to provide the best possible balance. Ensuring a minimum of tension in yoga poses the muscular system in yoga poses all of the muscles is the criterion.
FIGURE A.1. Reading of the posture using the “plumb line” method. (A) An ideal vertical standing position; (B) a restful standing position; (C) a standing-at-attention position. Source: Bonnett and Millet (1971, 695).
This ideal alignment places the ear, shoulder, pelvis, and middle of the foot on the same axis. A plumb-line that is held up to the side of the body from the profile ought to pass in yoga poses front of the ear, the shoulder, the articulation of the pelvis, and arrive somewhat in yoga poses front of the ankle. With practice, the physical therapist abandons the use of the plumb-line, because he has learned to analyze the alignment of the body as if there were a plumb-line. He will mostly use this device so that patients can learn to analyze their alignment when they are standing in yoga poses front of a mirror.
Most Europeans are aligned toward the back: the plumb-line passes in yoga poses front of the pelvis, shoulders, and ears. If you place these individuals in yoga poses an ideal vertical standing position, they generally have the impression of leaning forward; they are afraid of falling. Yet if you test their balance by lightly pushing the chest backward, or the shoulder blades forward, they discover that they are more solidly anchored to the ground in yoga poses this position. We thus notice that to align an individual also requires a reeducation of bodily sensations.
The “Inner” Axis
The Hindus and the Egyptians of old were already marvelous architects and had mastered geometry. They used the plumb-line to construct their homes. They imagined that the body balanced itself around an invisible axis that passes through the body’s center of gravity while standing. This center is situated in yoga poses the middle of the abdomen, under the navel (a bit lower for a woman because, on average, her pelvis is heavier than a man’s). For the standing position, it therefore consists in yoga poses aligning the perineum, the belly, and the fontanel, as if a perfectly vertical axis traversed the middle of all these body segments, and planted itself into the ground in yoga poses between the soles of the feet. This imaginary axis of the vertical body that passes through the body’s center of gravity is referred to by the body specialists of almost all cultures, from yoga up to the theories used by the whirling dervishes of
Turkey. We encounter this metaphor in yoga poses several schools of dance that teach the necessity of sensing in yoga poses oneself an axis that stretches out, in yoga poses psychomotor schools of scientific inspiration, and in yoga poses most schools of body-mind aproaches.3 For example, we ask some people to stand up, eyes closed, and imagine roots coming out of their feet and reaching deep into the earth. To regulate the position of the head, it is often suggested to imagine that a thread ties the fontanel to a star above the fontanel, and this thread tugs in yoga poses such a way as to elongate the nape of the neck and the spine between the shoulder blades, which induces a lowering of the external part of the clavicles.4 Ideally, the clavicles form a straight line. It often happens, when we take a workshop in yoga poses bodywork, that the instructors suggest that you feel your feet getting heavy around the axis and your head rising toward the star you were asked to imagine.
In this kind of work, it is often asked of the individual carrying out the exercise to sense the lateral distribution of body weight on the soles of the feet. Does the right or left foot carry more of the weight? Is the weight more on the inside or the outside of the feet? in yoga poses both cases, it is the balance between the feet that is sought, with a weight that anchors itself at the center of each foot.
15 easy yoga poses for Van Esterik The second Central Thai meditation approach is called vipassana, which was borrowed from Burmese Buddhist meditation and is especially popular as an alternative to the rigorous samadhi approach among lay persons in cities. This is a less rigorous, more intellectual, and more rapid approach to achieving nirvana. Some practitioners of this approach dismiss samadhi not just because of its practical limits but also because they question the ability of humans to actually achieve the powers listed above. The vipassana approach relies heavily on intuitive thinking and understanding and emphasizes the mind-body relationship. MEDITATION Although they vary in many ways, Asian meditative practices often include the following common characteristics a calm environment, with silence or simple rhythmic sound an attempt to quiet daily thoughts and emotion and quell busyness . 15 easy yoga poses photos, 15 easy yoga poses 2016.
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